An art is the “expression or application of human creative skill and imagination, typically in a visual form such as painting or sculpture, producing works to be appreciated primarily for their beauty or emotional power”. It is not just products to be sold; it’s the life of an artist. Artist gives his everything to create a beautiful product. It’s a means of expression for them, they tell stories of their life, their history, country or traditions by their products. It’s a story of traditional art that is passed on from one generation to other & it goes on like this only.
India is a country rich in heritage & crafts; one of those beautiful crafts is Bandhani or Bandhej!!
Bandhani – “Bandhani word is derived from Sanskrit word Bandh – which means to tie.”
Bandhani as the term specifies is an art of Tie & Dye. It is one of the oldest art of creating patterns on cloth which began around 5000 years ago. Bandhani work in India was started by Khatri community of Kutch. The tradition has passed from one generation to the other.
Bandhani making centers are mainly situated in Gujarat, Rajasthan. Jaipur, Udaipur, Bikaner, Ajmer, Kutch & Jamnagar are the main Bandhani centers producing beautiful dupattas/odhnis, sarees & turbans.
Since we absolutely love Bandhani work fabrics, we must know how this beautiful art takes shape.
How Bandhani sarees or odhnis are made? –
Bandhani making is a very highly skilled process.
The fabric to be designed as per Bandhani style is first washed & bleached in order to be ready for dyeing. Once done with wash & bleach, the cloth is then sent for tying. The craftsman or craftswoman lift the small portion of cloth marked as points & tightly tie a thread around it.
The tightly tied thread does not let that part of cloth get colored. The tied cloth is dipped in color, if several colors are required then the areas to be retained in the first dye are tied for resist& cloth is dipped in dye.
Styles & Patterns of Bandhani –
Bandhani comes in various styles, patterns & colors. Each color pattern has their own significance or usage.
Colors mainly used in Bandhani are Yellow, Red, Pink, Blue & Black. Different colors signify different things like –
Red is for bride or newly married girl
Yellow for a lady who became mother recently
Black shows Mourning.
With Bandhani work, various motifs are made. It includes flowers, bells, jals, etc.
The outfits with Bandhani work have various patterns like Leheriya, Mothra, Ekdali & Shikari depending on the manner in which cloth has been tied.
The most common designs of Bandhani work are –
Ekdali – one Dot
Trikunti— three Dots
Chaubandi – four dots
Dungar shahi – mountain like pattern
Boond— a small dot with a dark center
Kodi— tear drop shaped
Laddu Jalebi— the swirling inspired by Indian Sweets
The outfits comprise Khombi, Patori, Gharchola and Chandrokhani. It can be easily seen on sarees, dupattas, chaniya cholis, & leheriya can be seen on Turbans in Rajasthan.
As Bandhani work relates to our traditions, has significance in our rituals in a similar fashion India Emporium relates to our Indian traditions completely. India Emporium draws its inspiration from the traditional motifs & prints of India which can be seen in the all the collections of India emporium. One can visit the site @ www.indiaemporium.com to get more clarity regarding the collection.